It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. This language is spoken all over the world and it is included in the most spoken languages worldwide because it has 100-150 million speakers. The Indian-Pakistani border denotes the distinction between Western Punjabi, spoken in Pakistan’s Punjab province, and Eastern Punjabi, spoken in the Indian state of Punjab. It … Spoken as a first language by ~44% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab, Pakistan as well as by a large number of people in Karachi. Major Spoken Languages in Pakistan Punjabi is the largest language by the number of speakers with about 44%. The Punjabi dialects and languages are a series of dialects and languages spoken in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India with varying degrees of official recognition. However, the status of the official language of Punjab is reserved for Urdu. Curiously, this language is the mother tongue of only 7-8% of Pakistanis. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language.It is the first language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. Again, as in the case of Punjabi, there was a movement for developing the written language in Persian script and increasing the usage of Pashto. In Canada, it is the fifth most-spoken native language. The Bagri language in the southeast is transitional to Haryanvi,[citation needed] whereas the "Lahnda" variety of Khetrani in the far west may be intermediate between Saraiki and Sindhi. Though number of people speaking Punjabi as a second language is relatively small, most who speak Hindi or Urdu can understand the common dialects of Punjabi without much effort. Punjabi is considered to be an ancient language. REGIONAL LANGUAGES: KASHMIRI BRAHUI HINDKO SHINA SARAIKI Kashmiri is an ancient Dardic language spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. … The area where Pothohari is spoken extends in the north from Kashmir to as far south as Jehlum and Gujar Khan and includes the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. About 60% of Pakistan’s population lives in Punjab and the province contributes more than 50% of the nation’s Gross Domestic Product. Most of the Punjab is an alluvial plain, bounded by mountains to the North. Diale… They tend to do so based on GA Grierson’s Linguistic Survey of India. The most spoken language in the city of Amritsar is however, Punjabi. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. HISTORY OF THE PUNJABI LANGUAGE - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੀ … The language is said to have developed in the late 10th century. The name “Punjab” means “land of five rivers” and derives from the Persian words ‘panj,’ meaning five, and ‘aab,’ meaning water. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. [3], The varieties of "Greater Punjabi" have a number of characteristics in common, for example the preservation of the Prakrit double consonants in stressed syllables. View Plan » Language Vitality Profile. Aug 19, 2016 … However, Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan. It might no … Embed from Getty Images. In fact, the northern region of Pakistan alone speaks 30 languages, some of which are endangered. Due to its strategic location, it has been part of various empires and dynasties throughout history, including the Indus Valley Civilization, Aryans, Kushans, … It is the 11th most widely spoken language in India, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent. However, the rest of the people converse in Punjabi. It is linguistically intermediate between Sindhi and Punjabi. It is similar to Hindi but written in Arabic script. A distinctive “Diaspora Punjabi” is thus emerging. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. Quite expectedly, Punjabi has the official language status in Punjab while the other northern India states such as Haryana and Delhi give it the rank of second official language. It is rich in literature, cuisines, arts, tradition, architecture, military warfare, and spoken languages. Punjabi is spoken by the people of the historical region of Punjab. The literary languages that have developed on the basis of dialects of this area are Standard Punjabi in eastern and central Punjab, Saraiki in the southwest, Hindko in the northwest, Pahari-Pothwari in the north. Philologists say that there are over 300 dialects and languages spoken in the country today and each is distinctly differently from the other. As spoken in both India and Pakistan, Punjabi is a language of many dialects. The Indian Punjab is the wealthiest state in the country per capita, with most of the revenue generated from agriculture. They were also struggling to procure political status for Hindi which would displace Urdu. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. The Official Languages of Pakistan: As spoken in both India and Pakistan, Punjabi is a language of many dialects. It is an important language since Punjabi is spoken by about half of Pakistanis. Your email address will not be published. Grierson defined Western Punjabi as being west of a line running north-south from Montgomery and Gujranwala districts. Punjab, northwestern India, is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the north east by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan. The rivers, tributaries of the Indus River, are the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej. In addition, there are multitudes of Punjabi speakers in adjoining regions like Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Rajasthan etc. Punjabis dominate … Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto and Balochi are provincial languages.And there are many other regional languages. The dialects in the … Moreover, Dogri is a dialect of Punjabi. The scenic vistas create the perfect backdrop for the beautiful cities. Derived from the state’s name of Punjab, its history goes back as far as 2500 years. However, the status of the official language of Punjab is reserved for Urdu. The word “Punjabi” is derived from … Written in Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts, the dialects of the language doesn’t have much difference between them and sound quite similar. In Pakistan, the Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central districts of Punjab Province, ie. In some ways, Punjabi is a language divided. Modern Punjabi vocabulary has been influenced by other languages, including Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit and English. The city of Amritsar is situated in the Indian state of Punjab, where a large part of the people is Punjabi. Dec 30, 2014 6,278 12 9,498 Country Location. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2018 Shrivedant Foundation (www.shrivedant.com). About 70.0% of the people of Pakistan speak Punjabi as either their first or second language, and for some as their third language. Punjab = 5 languages (Punjabi, Seraiki, Potohari, Hindko, Urdu, Balochi) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa = 4 languages (Pashto, Hindko, Kohistani, Khowar) Balochistan = 4 languages (Balochi, Pashto, Brahui, Hazaragi) Sindh = 2 languages (Sindhi, Urdu) FATA = 1 language (Pashto) Like: 5 Talwar e Pakistan SENIOR MEMBER. The literary languages that have developed on the basis of dialects of this area are Standard Punjabi in eastern and central Punjab, Saraiki in the southwest, Hindko in the northwest, Pahari-Pothwari in the north.. A distinction is usually made between Punjabi in the east and the diverse group of "Lahnda" in the west. This language is spoken in an incredible place that contains every kind of natural landform—waterfalls, snow-capped mountains, deserts, forests—something for everyone! Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages.The old British spelling “Punjabi” remains in more common general usage than the academically precise “Panjabi.” In the early 21st century there were about 30 million speakers of Punjabi in India.It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages … Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. Other two languages Kashmiri and Dogri are regional languages and are not spoken all over J&K. All our Expanded PDFs are included with a Standard plan. Punjabi can be categorized as Western … Pakistan is a federation of four provinces in which four major languages are spoken with Urdu as our national language. The Punjabi Language is also spoken in the adjoining states of Punjab in India. Punjab is the embodiment of life in Pakistan because it is the most populous province in the country. Like any other Indian language, its dialect also changes every few hundred kilometers. who use it to converse in their own dialect, so beautifully that you are left mesmerized. Area of Punjab that is between rivers of Beas and Satluj is called Doaba, major cities in this part of punjab are Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Nawan Shahr. Despite Urdu being Pakistan’s national language, people prefer to speak in their native tongues. "Lahnda" typically subsumes the Saraiki and Hindko varieties, with Pahari–Pothwari, Shahpuri and Jhangvi intermediate between the two groups. All Rights Reserved. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, who reside mainly in the Province of Punjab in Pakistan, but also neighbouring State of Punjab in India. It is a language that is originated from Indo-Aryan. One main and several regional languages are spoken in each province. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region both in Pakistan and India as well as in their Diasporas. Punjabi is the 4 th number of the most spoken languages in Canada. Siraiki, also spelled Saraiki or Seraiki, is spoken in Central Pakistan from Mianwali, Punjab, to Khairpur, Sindh, and extends into Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well. Rahman, Tariq. This is well within present day Pakistan. Children today take much pride in learning foreign languages rather than their own mother tongue and had it not been made compulsory in schools to keep Punjabi as a regular subject, many wouldn’t have learnt to write it also. Pakistan is the sixth-highest populated country and a home to several ancient civilizations. It is a language that is originated from Indo-Aryan. only $ 480 /year. Dialects and languages spoken in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India, For the use of the term "Greater Panjabi", see, Pothwari has previously been regarded as part of "Lahnda", but, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_dialects_and_languages&oldid=991878627, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Rawalpindi (/ ˌ r ɑː w ə l ˈ p ɪ n d i / or / r ɔː l ˈ p ɪ n d i /; Punjabi: راولپنڈى, Urdu: راولپنڈى ‎, romanized: Rāwalpiṇḍī; pronounced [/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/] ()), commonly known as Pindi (Punjabi: پݨڈى, romanized: Piṇḍi), is a city and capital of Rawalpindi Division located in the Punjab province of Pakistan.Rawalpindi is the fourth-largest city proper in Pakistan, while the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is also … In Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by around 70 million souls, mostly in Punjab province. This dialect is similar to some extent to the Hindko dialect of Punjabi which is spoken in Peshawar, Nowshehra, Mansehra all these areas lie in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan where majority language is Pashto, but … Even anyone who speaks Punjabi is also considered Punjab. The exact date when it started cannot be estimated but the ancestors of the Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. 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